What causes acne? Worldwide there are about 60 million people who are suffering from acne. Most people develop acne during adolescence. It is most prevalent in those aged 16 to 18 years. The exact cause of acne is unknown, but doctors believe it results from several related factors. One important factor is an increase in hormones called androgens (male sex hormones). These increase in both boys and girls during puberty and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and make more sebum. Hormonal changes related to pregnancy or starting or stopping birth control pills can also cause acne. The most common reasons for acne are: There are higher levels of sex hormones at puberty than in younger children. These hormones are converted in the skin to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) which stimulates oil glands to enlarge. The oil glands, called sebaceous glands, produce sebum. The more sebum, the more likely it is that acne will be troublesome. If sebum and keratin (dead skin cells) block the skin pores, comedones can develop. The wall of the follicles may rupture. Bacteria and comedonal debris cause acne pimples or pustules (inflammatory lesions). Aggravating factors Some people have particularly severe acne. This may be because of: Genetic factors (family members have bad acne). Researchers believe that the tendency to develop acne can be inherited from parents. For example, studies have shown that many school-age boys with acne have a family history of the disorder. Hormonal factors (higher levels of androgenic hormones) due to:Polycystic ovaries (common)Enzyme deficiency eg sterol hydroxylase deficiency (very rare)Excessive corticosteroids (eg Cushing's disease) (rare) Psychological stress and depression Environmental factors such as:High humidity causing swelling of the skin Cosmetics especially certain moisturisers, foundation and pomades (watch out for lanolin, petrolatum, vegetable oils, butyl stearate, lauryl alcohol and oleic acid) Petroleum oils.Pressure from headbands & chin straps (eg: "fiddler's neck"). Pressure from sports helmets or equipment, backpacks, tight collars, or tight sports uniforms Stress can also cause the production of hormones, such as cortisol, which can aggravate acne. Stress brings upon different hormone levels. With hormone changes the body prompts the skins oil glands to enlarge, secreting more oil. Which causes white heads, black heads and pimples. Certain medications. Vitamins are good for your body, But an excess of vitamins B1, B6 and B12 can cause acne flare-ups. These vitamins are good for the skin, but avoid overuse. Picking and squeezing can actually send the infection deeper into the skin and can cause scarring.For more information, please visit http://www.skincarereviews.net
Most of us believe that when we get acne, we must be having oily skin. How can dry skin have acne? We believe that acne and "oily skin" are inseparable. These ideas are wrong. Removing surface oils and trying to dry the skin to make acne disappear will not work. Unless your skin is oily, no drying will help. With oily skin also , one can only keep the skin dry, but can not treat acne by drying the skin. It may hurt you more. You can treat your acne in other easy ways. Here is how?Acne and Benzoyl peroxide-If you have only blackheads or whiteheads, there is nothing better than Benzoyl Peroxide. If that is not suitable for you try salicylic Acid formulations. These are OTC products and if you have patience, they will get rid of your acne. Don't squeeze out your acne. That will enlarge your pores and may scar. Let it dry with the formulations slowly and after some time some discoloration may remain that will go away.Acne and retinoids- For severe acne, get antibiotics and retinol creams. The antibiotic will stop the bacteria P.acnes from spreading and retinol will dry the skin and remove the block that is causing sebum to accumulate in your pores and causing acne.Acne and AHAs- AHA formulations loosen the dead skin cells and remove them. If you regularly use AHA formulations, your acne may never get a chance to form. Acne forms only if the gland is blocked. AHA opens the gland and may work as a good preventive. Please consult your doctor about the above options.This article is only for informative purposes. This article is not intended to be a medical advise and it is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your doctor for your medical concerns. Please follow any tip given in this article only after consulting your doctor. The author is not liable for any outcome or damage resulting from information obtained from this article.
Acne is the almost popular scenario being encountered by our rind especially the teenagers and A good amount of adults. It can be seen normally in our cheek, neck, some on our shoulders, support, weaponry and still in our thighs. These are clogged sebum in our pores or these are what we normally ask whiteheads and blackheads, nodules, pimples, or cysts. Although we are conversant with the usually known acne, we must too be mindful of the new forms or kinds of acne.Here are some of Visible Signs Of Acne:Comedones: These are areas of the skin that are affected by acne, the external form of comedones.Papules and pustules:- As the early blemishes get bigger and inflamed, papules and pustules will occur. Nodules:- These are solid lesions that extend into deeper lumps that destroy tissues.Oily skin:- The sebum production increases so that your skin looks and feels oily.Cysts:- Capsules shaped lesions that contain liquid or semi-liquid pus similar to that substance contained in pustules and can be infected.WE MUST TOO BE MINDFUL OF THE NEW FORMS OR KINDS OF ACNE!for more info. http://www.acnecaresolution.com
LifestyleIs your lifestyle causing your acne? Certainly not. But the way you live affects your whole body, including its largest organ: the skin. The place you work, the hours you keep, the ways you play all of these can take a toll on the epidermis, especially in those who are prone to acne. Following are a few everyday acne triggers you might not be aware of, and a few things you can do to avoid them. Comedones on the job. Since some part of your skin is always in contact with your environment, its important to pay attention to the substances with which you come into contact on a regular basis. You may be exposing yourself to comedogenic (pore-clogging) substances on the job without even knowing it; while these substances are not the cause of your acne, they can aggravate it. For example: the airborne grease in a fast-food restaurant can create an invisible film on your skin, clogging your pores. Most industrial oils the kinds used in cars, in factories, on bicycles are comedogenic as well.Acne & Sleep - Sleep and your skin. The simplest good deed you can do for your skin may surprise you: sleep! Scientists and mothers around the world agree that a good nights sleep at least eight hours can do wonders for your complexion. How? A healthy, well-rested body has the resources to build a strong immune system. While a robust immune system wont prevent acne altogether, it can help fight infection so your lesions clear up more quickly. Luckily, your body isnt picky; uninterrupted sleep in the daytime is just as beneficial. So if you work late, sleep late and try to maintain a regular schedule. Acne & Sun - Savvy sun worshipping. While its true that small amounts of sun exposure may initially improve acne, dont be fooled; the benefit is temporary. Consistent sun bathing will dry your skin, causing your sebaceous glands to produce more oil. Also, skin that has been exposed to the sun has to slough old cells more frequently; when you combine the extra oil and extra dead cells, you create the ideal environment for comedones, or blocked pores. So if you work (or play) in the sun, its important to protect your skin with sunscreen. Look for oil-free products that provide at least an SPF 15 protection level from UVA and UVB rays. Acne & Stress - The stress connection. Not surprisingly, stress often has a starring role in the ongoing acne drama. Ninety percent of my patients complain about what stress does to their skin. It has a huge impact, and its becoming a bigger problem every day, says Katie Rodan, MD, a clinical professor of dermatology at Stanford University. How can stress emotional anxiety caused by any number of factors in your life show up on your face? The connection is purely chemical. When you become tense, your adrenal glands go work, flooding your bloodstream with the hormone cortisol. This triggers the sweat glands in your face to produce more oil. When your sebaceous glands go into high gear, theres a higher probability that this excess oil will mix with dead skin cells and clog your pores, trapping bacteria inside. The result? More acne, primarily inflamed papules rather than blackheads or whiteheads.What can you do? Of course, you can't eliminate stress from your life it's part of being human. But you can minimize its damage by leading a healthy lifestyle. A balanced diet and at least seven hours of sleep every night will help you build a stronger physical foundation; if you're well fed and well rested, you're less likely to feel irritated by the events of your day. Try to get some exercise every day, even if it's just a walk around the block at lunchtime. It's also important to take time out of every day to relax read a book, take a bath, practice yoga, or do whatever makes you feel happy and calm. It's an important step towards overall good health, and therefore the health of your skin. DietsDont eat that youll get zits! Weve all heard it; from parents, friends or even the family doctor. But the fact is, even after extensive study, scientists have not found a connection between diet and acne. Not chocolate. Not french fries. Not pizza.According to the American Academy of Dermatology, A healthy diet is important for improving raw materials for healthy skin, but they also note that greasy or sugary foods do not cause acne.1 Likewise, a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association concurred, Diet plays no role in acne treatment in most patientseven large amounts of certain foods have not clinically exacerbated acne.1 Of course, that doesnt mean you should make a habit of eating foods high in sugar or fat. The skin is the bodys largest organ, so whats good for the rest of you will be good for your skin, too.Acne Prevention & Diet - Nutrients for healthy skin. There are a number of nutrients found in everyday foods that are known to promote a healthy body and therefore healthy skin. Get wise to these substances, and youll increase your chances of conquering your acne.Acne Prevention & Diet - Vitamin A. Naturally occurring Vitamin A, or retinol, is found in fish oils, liver and dairy products. The Vitamin A produced by plants is known as Beta-carotene, and is found in yellow/orange fruits and vegetable such as carrots, yams, apricots and cantaloupe, as well as green vegetables like parsley, kale and spinach. Extremely high doses of Vitamin A are toxic, so don't overdo it.Acne Prevention & Diet - Vitamin B-2. Stress has been known to aggravate existing cases of acne, and Vitamin B-2 is often helpful alleviating stress. Foods with a high concentration of B-2 include whole grains, fish, milk, eggs, meat and leafy green vegetables.Acne Prevention & Diet - Vitamin B-3. Found in peanuts, eggs, avocados, liver and lean meats, Vitamin B-3 improves circulation, promoting healthy skin. It also reduces the cholesterol level in the blood and helps you metabolize protein, sugar & fat increasing your energy through proper utilization of food.Acne Prevention & Diet - Vitamin E. Vitamin E is found in almonds, peanuts, sunflower seeds, broccoli, wheat germ and vegetable oils. A powerful antioxidant, it protects your cells against the effects of free radicals, which are potentially damaging by-products of the bodys metabolism.Acne Prevention & Diet - Zinc. Even in trace amounts, the antioxidant zinc is known to boost the immune system, improving overall health which of course is reflected in the skin. Zinc can be found in eggs, whole grains, nuts and mushrooms.Acne Prevention & Diet - Know your own triggers. Since acne is different for everyone, there may be certain foods that cause flare-ups in your skin. Clearly, these foods should be avoided. You may also want to check your vitamin supplements for their iodine content; while normal amounts of iodine have not been shown to affect skin, amounts greater than the RDA of 150 mcg may aggravate your acne.Overall, use your common sense. Drink lots of water and eat a healthy, balanced diet but dont be afraid to indulge your cravings every now and then.
While acne does affect about 90% of adolescents, only a small majority of those affected are left with scars. However, those who are left with scars often look for acne scar removal methods that work to remove or diminish the scars. Fortunately, there are many options available for acne scar removal.Acne scar removal can be by dermabrasion. This is a process where the top layers of the skin are removed with the use of a machine that literally abrades the skin. While dermabrasion does give your skin a smoother appearance, it is not 100% effective for acne scar removal.Chemical peels are another option for acne scar removal. This works much the same as dermabrasion, but instead of machinery, chemicals are used to remove the top layer of skin. Again, this is not 100% effective for acne scar removal, but it does give the skin a smoother appearance.Another technique for acne scar removal is collagen injections. Collagen injections are often used to treat wrinkles, scars, and lines. Injections can be expensive, and will need to be repeated on a regular basis. This is another acne scar removal technique that doesn't actually remove the scars. It really just hides them.A drastic acne scar removal procedure is Autologous Fat Transfer. This is a process where fat is removed from other parts of your body, and injected back into your skin. It doesn't remove scars. Instead, it fills up depressions, such as those that are characteristic of acne scars. Again, this is a drastic acne scar removal method, and the process will need to be repeated as the fat is absorbed into the body.Another drastic acne scar removal technique is punch grafts. This is a process where small skin grafts are taken and used to replace scarred skin. This acne scar removal technique is usually used to remove deep acne scars.The newest - and seemingly most effective - acne scar removal technique is Laser Skin Resurfacing. This is a process where the acne scarred skin is gently vaporized, with the use of a laser. Once the damaged skin is vaporized, the new - unscarred - skin underneath is visible. Local anesthesia is given for small areas, but for full face acne scar removal, the person is usually sedated with anesthesia administered through an I.V by an anesthesiologist.